What is the available capacity in a given power line right now, and what is the available capacity going to be in the next 48 hours? Do we have enough capacity, or do we have to employ measures like decreasing load or increasing production? These are central questions in a newly established pilot project within the FME CINELDI research centre.
In this pilot project, several Distribution System Operators (DSOs) will install neurons from Heimdall Power at different locations in their grid. Neurons are sensors mounted directly on the conductor, that measure parameters such as line temperature, sag and current. This gives the DSOs complete control of the available capacity in the power line. The goal is to study the inherent flexibility in the power system through dynamic operation of the power lines, based on data from the neurons and other information like weather conditions.
Why are we installing neurons in the grid?
The question we want to answer in this pilot project is: How can large-scale digital instrumentation of the high voltage distribution grid increase the power system’s flexibility? By flexibility, we mean the solutions that allow us to leverage the capacity of the power grid in the best possible way. In this pilot, we wish to examine how the increased knowledge of the grid’s capacity might allow for more flexibility, and what values can this create for the DSOs and Transmission System Operators (TSOs).
The neurons from Heimdall Power have already been tested in isolated cases, so the technology has been verified. However, they have not been tested in large-scale applications yet. This pilot project looks at the use of DLR (Dynamic Line Rating) and more dynamic grid operation from a system perspective. For instance, we examine how the use of more dynamic capacity affects the operation and planning of the grid. We also aim to understand how digitalisation of the power lines can contribute to better decision making, and thereby improve the utilisation of the existing grid.
In order to do so, several neurons will be installed in a problematic area of the power system. Examples of such problematic areas might be bottlenecks, or areas with a large portion of unregulated power production. The interaction and exchange of information between TSOs and DSOs is a topic of particular interest in this pilot, as data from these parts of the grid is of interest for neighbouring and overlaying grids as well.
How will this pilot impact further operation of the grid?
On the 10th of March, the Norwegian DSO Linja installed neurons from Heimdall Power in their grid. During the CINELDI workshops in April, the pilot was presented by Therese Åsheim from Heimdall Power and Sven Arild Kjerpeset from Linja.
Åsheim presented the overall ambitions and aims of the pilot, while Kjerpeset talked about what Linja wants to achieve through this pilot.
The area in question has both regulated and unregulated power production, mainly from hydro power and wind power. We will investigate how power production correlates with dynamic operations.
One interesting topic of investigation is how weather conditions impact the capacity of the power line. Imagine that the wind is blowing and that the wind farms are producing plenty of power. Will the power lines also get extra cooling, and therefore be able to carry more load?
More knowledge about the correlation between power production and power line capacity can be used in future dimensioning of power lines. Information from the neurons will change the work processes at Linja, as the actual temperature of the power line is known, and the operator will know for certain how close the power line is to the temperature limits. Without this information, the operator must rely on previous experience about how much the power line can handle. By monitoring the grid, the safety margins become more precise, and it is possible to operate the power lines close to their temperature limits in a controlled manner.
More to come
Based on the data received so far, the power line is not heavily loaded and there is no inherent necessity to employ other types of flexibility in the area. Actually knowing this based on data is a completely new situation for DSOs and scientists alike. Further on in this pilot, another installation will be done at Linja, who will also work on the data management and analyses.